Grammar Hunting: Resources for ESL Teachers and Students
Are you having trouble with grammar structures? Well, it can be quite tiresome to learn all about nouns, pronouns, prepositions, adverbs, adjectives, fragments, and the like. Yet, it's very important that you learn proper grammar structures because you will be reading and writing throughout your life. Plus, it doesn't have to be tiresome to learn about grammar structures. Do you like to play a game of treasure hunt? This one is a little different so we shall call it a "grammar hunt". The Internet is certainly a great invention and it's a vast resource for finding grammar structures for ESL students. By using Google as the search engine, ESL teachers can choose the articles that students need to find. This is an excellent way for the students to improve their grammar skills. In grammar hunting, students can learn all about grammar structures in a fun and interesting way. Here are four "hunts" for ESL students and teachers to choose from.
Search for the Hidden Fragments
One of the hard things to learn in grammar structures is fragments. In this hunt, students will have to search for articles that have hidden fragments in them. Once the students find the articles, they have to look for the fragment and they have to be able to explain why it is a fragment. There are even quizzes where the students are required to repair sentence fragments so it's an interesting way for them to learn about fragments. Here are some websites that describe grammar rules for fragments vs. sentences.
- Definition of Sentence Fragments with Some Quizzes
- An Overview of Sentence Fragments with Examples
- Grammar Review Exercises for Sentence Fragments
- An Explanation about Fragments and Run-ons
- Sentence Fragment vs. Complete Sentence
- Sentence Fragment Game (PDF)
Nouns, Pronouns, Prepositions, Oh My!
Some ESL students will not only say "Oh My!" when they come across grammar structures like nouns, pronouns, and prepositions but "Oh No!" as well. With grammar hunting, it doesn't have to be this way and very soon, you will be saying "Oh Yes!" and master your nouns, pronouns, and preposition in no time at all. Start by searching for articles that have nouns, pronouns, and propositions in them. Then, you have to illustrate the sentence and explain the different parts. To help you along, here are some websites that describe nouns, pronouns, and prepositions.
- A Self-Teaching Unit on Pronouns
- Descriptions of Noun Gender, Noun Plurals, Possessive Nouns, Proper Nouns, and More
- A Look at Various Types of Pronouns (PDF)
- Great Explanation about Pronouns
- What is a Preposition?
- How to Use Prepositions in Different Contexts
Adjectives vs. Adverbs
Next, we will turn our attention to adjectives and adverbs, which can be quite confusing for some students. Again, students have to search for articles and they have to hunt for adjectives and adverbs in them. To demonstrate that they understand adjectives and adverbs, they should be able to explain why adjectives are different from adverbs. To get you started, here are some websites that describe adjectives and adverbs. Take a look!
- Excellent Interactive Lesson on Adjectives
- An Overview of Adjectives with Examples and Exercises
- A Description about Adjectives with Links to Practice Exercises
- Learn How to Use Adverbs with Video and Exercises
- Great Description about Adverbs
- Adjectives vs. Adverbs Quiz
- An Explanation about the Difference between an Adjective and Adverb
Big Game Error Hunting
After you have mastered your fragments, adjectives, adverbs, nouns, pronouns, and prepositions, you may be ready for Big Game Error Hunting. This grammar hunt is more challenging which makes it more exciting. Get your binoculars and guns ready! Go and search for articles with grammar and spelling mistakes. Then, take aim and shoot them down. Of course, you must be able to explain why the sentence is wrong. Check out these resources to learn all about spotting errors in English.
- Spot the Error Quiz
- Can You Spot the Grammar Error? (PDF)
- Common Errors in English Language
- How to Avoid Common Grammar Mistakes
- Proofreading for Common Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling Errors
- Some Tips on Editing & Proofreading
- How to Proofread
There are lots of places on the Internet where you can search for the articles to perform your grammar hunt. Here are some of the best places.
- CNN Interactive News
- Chicago Tribune
- The Christian Science Monitor
- The New York Times
- Los Angeles Times
- Boston Herald